'''John Henry Newman''' Oratory of Saint Philip Neri|C.O.
(21 February 1801 – 11 August 1890
[[http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/10794a.htm Barry, William. "John Henry Newman." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 10. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1911. 31 Aug. 2014]]
), also referred to as '''Cardinal Newman''', '''John Henry Cardinal Newman''', and '''Blessed John Henry Newman''', was a Catholic cardinal and theologian who was a very important figure in the religious history of England in the 19th century. He was known nationally by the mid-1830s.
[Gilley, p. 201.]
Originally an evangelical Oxford University
academic and priest in the Church of England
, Newman then became drawn to the high-church
tradition of Anglicanism
. He became known as a leader of, and an able polemicist for, the Oxford Movement
, an influential and controversial grouping of Anglicans who wished to...